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Science and Technology Behind the Measurements

Sea-Bird Technical Papers (not published)

Complete text of papers written by Sea-Bird to explain the engineering and science behind a specific Sea-Bird instrument or measurement methodology:

Conference Posters

Published Technical Papers


  • Smethie, W.M. Jr., et al., "A lightweight vertical rosette for deployment in ice-covered waters". Deep-Sea Research I (2011), doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2010.12.007 (abstract)
  • Edwards, B., Janzen, C., Murphy, D., Larson, N., "Calibration, Response and Hysteresis in Deep-Sea Dissolved Oxygen Measurements", Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Volume 27, Issue 5, May 2010 (abstract)
  • Irish, J.D., Ward, L.G., and Boduch, S., "Correcting and Validating Moored Oxygen Time-Series Observations in the Gulf of Maine", MTS 1-410-884-5330, IEEE Catalog Number CFP08OCE-CDR, ISBN 978-1-4244-2620-1, Library of Congress 2008904879
  • Riser, S.C and Johnson, K.S., "Net production of oxygen in the subtropical ocean", Nature, January 2008, p. 323 - 325 (abstract)
  • "Supercalibration on the High Seas" (1997), NMi News, Nederlands Meetinstituut, V11(2), 3
  • Larson, N.G. (1996) "Using a Primary Temperature Standard at Sea: A Case Study on WOCE P-15S", International Marine Technicians Workshop (INMARTECH '96), Southampton England, Final Report
  • Baker, E.T., Feely, R.A., Mottl, M.J., Sansone, F. T., Wheat, C.G., Resing, J.A., Lupton, J.E., "Hydrothermal plumes along the East Pacific Rise, 8° 40′ to 11° 50′ N: Plume distribution and relationship to the apparent magmatic budget", Earth and Planetary Science Letters 128 (1994) 1-17
  • Larson, N.G. (1993) "Calibration of Oceanographic CTD Instruments: Methods and Traceability", Journal of Advanced Marine Technology Conference V7, 3-13
  • Huyer, A. and P.M. Kosro, R. O'Malley, J. Fleishbein (1993) "Seasoar and CTD Observations during a COARE Surveys Cruise, W9211C, 22 Jan to 22 Feb 93, OSU Data Report
  • Pedersen, A.M. and M.C. Gregg (1979) "Development of a small in-situ conductivity instrument", IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering V4(3), 69-75 (summary)

Oceanographic Literature (references to technical literature about oceanographic instrumentation and methods)

  • QARTOD Manual for Real-Time Quality Control of Dissolved Oxygen Observations. (full manual)
  • Gregg, M.C. and T.B. Meagher (1980) "The Dynamic Response of Glass Rod Thermistors", Journal of Geophysical Research, V85(c5), 2779-2786. (abstract)
  • Pike, J.M. and F.L. Beiboer (1993) "A Comparison Between Algorithms for the Speed of Sound in Seawater", The Hydrographic Society, Special Publication No. 34. (link to information)
  • Poisson, A., M.H. Gadhoumi, and S. Morcos (1991) "Salinity and density of seawater: Tables for high salinities (42 to 50)", Unesco technical papers in marine science 62. (full article)
  • Wearn, R.B. and N.G. Larson (1982) "Measurements of the sensitivities and drift of Digiquartz pressure sensors", Deep-Sea Research, V29 (1A), 111-134. (abstract)
  • Note: Many Unesco marine science publications are available through Unesco's website search.
  • In the Series title box, select UNESCO technical papers in marine science
  • Select Widen the search to all UNESCO documents/publications
  • Click Search


Non-Technical Literature


Application Notes / FAQs / Glossary / Training

Links to other useful references on instrument characteristics and methods.

  • Application Notes contain valuable information about how to use our instruments and software, including information on coefficient calculations, calibration procedures, instrument adjustments, configuration assistance, and instrument care and maintenance
  • Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) covering general instrument questions, general oceanographic questions, recommended practices, service, ordering, software, data analysis and processing, and manufacturing
  • Glossary of oceanographic and Sea-Bird terminology
  • Sea-Bird Training Materials used for Sea-Bird University (a twice yearly, 4-day class taught at Sea-Bird)


Newsletters contain press releases and Sea-Bird's scientific advances in oceanographic instruments and measurement.