Ask Us
WET Labs

Navis BGCi Autonomous Profiling Float with Integrated Biogeochemical Sensors

Autonomous profiling float for Argo and other programs, with Sea-Bird CTD and Dissolved Oxygen sensor, integrated WET Labs MCOMS fluorometer/backscattering sensor, and multiple optional bolt-on sensors. Sufficient power for 250 CTD profile cycles to 2000 dbars (excluding optional sensors).

May 28, 2018: Ice detection and avoidance software is now available for all Sea-Bird Navis Autonomous floats. The software predicts the presence of surface sea ice and commands the floats to take evasive action if needed. Developed and tested in the Southern Ocean, with the guidance of the Sea-Bird science team the software can be tuned for a range of under-ice applications. 

The Navis BGCi autonomous profiling float with integrated optical Dissolved Oxygen sensor (SBE 63) and WET Labs ECO-MCOMS is now available from Sea-Bird Scientific. The sensors take continuous measurements at 1 Hz through ascent, and provide high accuracy, resolution, and stability.

  • The SBE 41N CTD measures conductivity, temperature, and pressure (depth). The pump-controlled, T-C ducted flow minimizes salinity spiking caused by mismatch of temperature and conductivity measurements.
  • The individually calibrated SBE 63 Optical Dissolved Oxygen sensor is integrated within the CTD flow path, providing optimal correlation with CTD measurements.
  • The ECO-MCOMS uses demonstrated WET Labs technology to supply three optical sensors in one, providing chlorophyll a, backscattering, and CDOM, or chlorophyll a and 2 backscattering channels. MCOMS is integrated directly into the float end cap and co-located with DO and physical measurements.

As an option, multiple sensors can be attached to the float hull and cabled to the end cap. Data from all sensors, including the optional bolt-on sensors, is integrated in the data stream by the SBE 41N CTD electronics. Available bolt-on sensors include the Deep SUNA (nitrate), OCR 504 (4-channel radiometer), and WET Labs C-Rover 2000 (transmissometer).


  • Navis Autonomous Profiling Float
  • SBE 63 Optical Dissolved Oxygen sensor
  • ECO-MCOMS fluorometer / backscattering sensor
  • Up to four optional bolt-on sensors
  • SBE 41N CTD — integrated data stream for all sensors on float, and continuous profiling from 2000 dbars; same CTD family as current Argo floats
  • Flexible mission sequencing, allowing more frequent sampling in upper water column
  • Backed by Sea-Bird Scientific warranty


Navis Biogeochemical Float Deployment in the Mediterranean. Shown with older cowling base. (photo by Christoph Gerigk © Sea-Bird Scientific)

Initial Accuracy

Temperature ± 0.002 °C
Salinity ± 0.002 PSS-78
Pressure ± 2 decibars
Dissolved Oxygen ± 3 µmol/kg or ± 2%
Chlorophyll Fluorescence ± 0.2% of full scale (relative to specific monoculture of phytoplankton [diatom] grown in specific light/nutrient conditions)
CDOM Fluorescence ± 0.3% of full scale (relative to Quinine sulfate dihydrate)
Backscattering ± 0.2% of full scale (relative to polystyrene beads [2 µm ±0.1 µm mean diameter])

Typical Stability

Temperature 0.0002 °C/year
Salinity 0.001 PSS-78/year
Pressure 0.8 decibars/year
Dissolved Oxygen

<1 µmol/kg/100,000 samples (20 °C; sample-based drift)


Volume Change 1.7% (minimum fractional)
Depth Rating 2000 dbars
Communications Iridium Transceiver 9523 — RUDICS, circuit switched
Position GPS, Garmin 15xL-W, mean acquisition time 70 sec
Park Interval 1 - 15 days
Materials Aluminum hull, seamless natural-rubber external bladders
Weight (in Air) < 20 kg (excluding optional bolt-on sensors)
Self-Activation Starts operating automatically on deployment, when pressure reaches user-programmable setpoint
Internal Batteries 4 packs of 3 DD lithium sulfuryl chloride cells (cannot ship in passenger aircraft; Class 9 Dangerous Goods)
Power Endurance 250 2000-dbar cycles (mission dependent; excluding optional bolt-on sensors)
Memory CTD stores one 2000-dbar CTD profile
Dimensions Hull diameter 14 cm, Ring diameter 24 cm, Total length 167 cm
The list below includes (as applicable) the current product brochure, manual, and quick guide; software manual(s); and application notes.

Title Type Publication Date PDF File
Deep SUNA Manual Product Manual Thursday, June 22, 2017 PDF icon Manual-Deep-SUNA-SUNA170517-Rev-D.pdf
Navis BGCi Brochure Product Brochure Monday, January 15, 2018 PDF icon 4 Page Web Seabird_Navis-JAN-2018 7.5x10.pdf
Navis BGCi Data Sheet Product Datasheet Thursday, November 26, 2015 PDF icon SBS-NavisBGCi-112015.pdf
AN114 ECO Centroid Angles for Back Scatter Measurements Application Notes Tuesday, July 4, 2017 PDF icon AN114-ECOCentroidAnglesforBackScatterMeasurements.pdf
AN122 ECO Calibration Log Template Application Notes Wednesday, July 5, 2017 Package icon AN122
Navis Profiling Float Product Guide - Feature Comparisons Product Brochure Tuesday, January 16, 2018 PDF icon 2018-NavisProductGuide.pdf
Long-Term Accuracy, Stability of Argo CTDs White Paper Wednesday, March 23, 2016 PDF icon LongTermAccuracyStabilityArgoCTDs-SeaTechFeb2016.pdf
Biogeochemical Monitoring of the Oceans Using Autonomous Profiling Floats White Paper Tuesday, March 19, 2013 PDF icon BGCMonitoringUsingFloats_ONTMarch2013.pdf
Observing a Western Mediterranean overturn event with a Navis BGC autonomous profiling float White Paper Tuesday, December 2, 2014 PDF icon Case Study West Med NAVIS BGC v19.pdf
Comparison of Argo Float Pressure Sensor Performance: Druck versus Kistler White Paper Tuesday, February 10, 2015 PDF icon ComparisonOfArgoFloatPressureSensorPerformanceDruckVsKistler.pdf
Advances in bio-optical sensing on robotic platforms to elucidate ecosystem production in the interior ocean Scientific Poster Monday, March 7, 2016 PDF icon WALSH_IAN_6496_WFP_F.pdf
Considerations on the Collection of Data from Bio-Argo Floats across Sampling Scales Scientific Poster Monday, March 7, 2016 PDF icon GalwayGo-Ships2015poster-1.pdf
AN97: Best Practices for Shipping and Deploying Profiling Floats with SBE 41/41CP CTD Application Notes Monday, March 13, 2017 PDF icon appnote97.pdf

What is the fluorescent stick that came with my meter used for?

Checking Meter Output with the Fluorescent Stick
ECO meters ship with a stick of fluorescent material with which you can check your meter's output response.
    •    With the meter on and outputting data, hold the stick approximately 1/2-in (1 cm) from the lit detectors. Be careful to NOT touch the sensor face, as it scratches easily.
    •    Pivot the stick to parallel with the meter's optics; the output in the  meter's "signal" column should increase to near maximum output as given on the meter's characterization or calibration sheet.
    •    As you move the stick away, the output will decrease.


What should I use to lubricate bulkhead connectors?

We recommend keeping the connectors on your meter lubricated using a good quality silicone spray lubricant, such as 3M Silicone Spray or Loctite 8021 spray. These can be purchased at your local hardware store. Avoid silicone grease. It is messy and attracts contaminants.

Do not use WD-40. It will destroy connectors.

What is the back scattering angle of my ECO instrument?

WET Labs ECO Centroid Angles for Back Scatter Measurements

The WET Labs’ ECO sensors have multiple back scattering angles depending upon type of sensor. This document will describe these angles based upon the type of ECO sensor selected by the customer.

Single Channel Sensors:
Single channel ECO back scatter sensors have an in-water centroid angle of 124°.  These include the following ECO models: bb, NTU.

Dual Channel Sensors:
Dual channel ECO back scatter sensors (back scatter at 700nm paired with chlorophyll fluorescence) have an in-water centroid angle of 142°. These include the following ECO models: FLNTU and FLBB versions along with OEM variants of these sensors (AP2, 2K, SLC, RTD, SB variants).

Three Channel Sensors:
Three channel ECO back scatter sensors (individually paired LED source with detector) have an in-water centroid angle of 124°. These include the following ECO models: bb3, BBFL2, BB2FL and Triplet-w family.

Combined Three Channel Sensors:
WET Labs’ combined three channel ECO back scatter sensors (back scatter at 700nm paired with chlorophyll fluorescence along with either another back scatter or FDOM channel) have an in-water centroid angle of 124°.

These include the following ECO models:
FLBB-CD, FLBB-BB along with OEM variants of these sensors (2K, AP2, SLC, REM, BOSS, 6K). MCOMS and SeaOWL UV-A: WET Labs’ MCOMS and SeaOWL UV-A back scatter sensors (back scatter at 700nm paired with chlorophyll fluorescence along with either another back scatter or FDOM channel) have an in-water centroid angle of 150°.

How should I handle my CTD to avoid cracking the conductivity cell?

Shipping: Sea-Bird carefully packs the CTD in foam for shipping. If you are shipping the CTD or conductivity sensor, carefully pack the instrument using the original crate and packing materials, or suitable substitutes.

Use: Cracks at the C-Duct end of the conductivity cell are most often caused by:

  • Hitting the bottom, which can cause the T-C Duct to flex, resulting in cracking at the end of the cell.
  • Removing the soaker tube from the T-C duct in a rough manner, which also causes the T-C Duct to flex. Pulling the soaker tube off at an angle can be especially damaging over time to the cell. Pull the soaker tube off straight down and gently.
  • Improper disassembly of the T-C ducted temperature and conductivity sensors (SBE 25, 25plus, and 9plus) when removing them for shipment to Sea-Bird for calibration. See Shipping SBE 9plus, 25, and 25plus Temperature and Conductivity Sensors for the correct procedure.

Note: If a Tygon tube attached to the conductivity cell has dried out, yellowed, or become difficult to remove, slice (with a razor knife or blade) and peel the tube off of the conductivity cell rather than twisting or pulling the tube off.

Which Sea-Bird profiling CTD is best for my application?

Sea-Bird makes four main profiling CTD instruments, as well as several profiling CTD instruments for specialized applications.

In order of decreasing cost, the four main profiling CTD instruments are the SBE 911plus CTD, SBE 25plus Sealogger CTD, SBE 19plus SeaCAT Profiler CTD, and SBE 49 FastCAT CTD Sensor:

  • The SBE 911plus is the world’s most accurate CTD. Used by most leading oceanographic institutions, the SBE 911plus is recognized for superior performance, reliability, and ease-of-use. Features include: modular conductivity and temperature sensors, Digiquartz pressure sensor, TC-Ducted Flow and pump-controlled time response, 24 Hz sampling, 8 A/D channels and power for auxiliary sensors, modem channel for real-time water sampler control without data interruption, and optional 9600 baud serial data uplink. The SBE 911plus system consists of: SBE 9plus Underwater Unit and SBE 11plus Deck Unit. The SBE 9plus can be used in self-contained mode when integrated with the optional SBE 17plus V2 Searam. The Searam provides battery power, internal 24 Hz data logging, and an auto-fire interface to an SBE 32 Carousel Water Sampler to trigger bottle closures at pre-programmed depths.
  • The SBE 25plus Sealogger is the choice for research work from smaller vessel not equipped for real-time operation, or use by multi-discipline scientific groups requiring configuration flexibility and good accuracy and resolution on a smaller budget. The SBE 25plus is a battery-powered, internally-recording CTD featuring the same modular C & T sensors used on the SBE 9plus CTD, an integral strain gauge pressure sensor, 16 Hz sampling, 2 GB of memory, TC-Ducted Flow and pump-controlled time response, and 8 A/D channels plus 2 RS-232 channels and power for auxiliary sensors. Real-time data can be transmitted via RS-232 simultaneous with data recording. The SBE 25plus integrates easily with an SBE 32 Carousel Water Sampler or SBE 55 ECO Water Sampler for real-time or autonomous operation.
  • The SBE 19plus V2 SeaCAT Profiler is known throughout the world for good performance, reliability, and ease-of-use. An economical, battery-powered, internally-recording mini-CTD, the SBE 19plus V2 is a good choice for basic hydrography, fisheries research, environmental monitoring, and sound velocity profiling. Features include 4 Hz sampling, 6 differential A/D channels plus 1 RS-232 channel and power for auxiliary sensors, 64 MB of memory, and pump-controlled conductivity time response. Real-time data can be transmitted via RS-232 simultaneous with data recording, The SBE 19plus V2 integrates easily with an SBE 32 Carousel Water Sampler or SBE 55 ECO Water Sampler for real-time or autonomous operation.
  • The SBE 49 FastCAT is an integrated CTD sensor intended for towed vehicle, ROV, AUV, or other autonomous profiling applications. Real-time data ‑ in raw format or in engineering units ‑ is logged or telemetered by the vehicle to which it is mounted. The SBE 49’s pump-controlled, TC-ducted flow minimizes salinity spiking, and its 16 Hz sampling provides very high spatial resolution of oceanographic structures and gradients. The SBE 49 has no memory or internal batteries. The SBE 49 integrates easily with an SBE 32 Carousel Water Sampler or SBE 55 ECO Water Sampler for real-time operation.

The specialized profiling CTD instruments are the SBE 52-MP Moored Profiler, Glider Payload CTD, and SBE 41/41CP Argo CTD module:

  • The SBE 52-MP Moored Profiler is a conductivity, temperature, pressure sensor, designed for moored profiling applications in which the instrument makes vertical profile measurements from a device that travels vertically beneath a buoy, or from a buoyant sub-surface sensor package that is winched up and down from a bottom-mounted platform. The 52-MP's pump-controlled, TC-ducted flow minimizes salinity spiking. The 52-MP can optionally be configured with an SBE 43F dissolved oxygen sensor.
  • The Glider Payload CTD measures conductivity, temperature, and pressure, and optionally, dissolved oxygen (with the modular SBE 43F DO sensor). It is a modular, low-power profiling instrument for autonomous gliders with the high accuracy necessary for research, inter-comparison with moored observatory sensors, updating circulation models, and leveraging data collection opportunities from operational vehicle missions. The pressure-proof module allows glider users to exchange CTDs (and DO sensors) in the field without opening the glider pressure hull.
  • Argo floats are neutrally buoyant at depth, where they are carried by currents until periodically increasing their displacement and slowing rising to the surface. The SBE 41/41CP CTD Module obtains the latest CTD profile each time the Argo float surfaces. At the surface, the float transmits in-situ measurements and drift track data to the ARGOS satellite system. The SBE 41/41CP can be integrated with Sea-Bird's Navis float or floats from other manufacturers. The SBE 41N CTD is integrated with Sea-Bird's Navis Float with Integrated Biogeochemical Sensors and Navis BGCi + pH Float with Integrated Biogeochemical Sensors.

See Product Selection Guide for a table summarizing the features of our profiling CTDs.