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AN19: SBE 27 or 30 Oxygen Reduction Potential ORP Sensor

Document Number: 
Publication Date: 
Saturday, February 13, 2010
PDF icon appnote19Feb10.pdf157.91 KB


The SBE 27 and 30 include a Sea-Bird pH sensor to which a platinum electrode has been added. The electrode potential (in water) is measured differentially with respect to the pH sensor's silver-silver chloride reference junction. This differential voltage is offset and scaled to provide a high-level, ground-referenced, 0-to-5 Volt output.

Note: For proper operation, remove the pH soaker bottle and immerse the pH electrode, platinum electrode (near the base of the pH electrode shield), and at least part of the SBE 30 aluminum housing in the water.


ORP Calibration and Use of Sea-Bird Software

To calibrate the ORP electronics, Sea-Bird places a short-circuit between the internal wire connecting to the platinum electrode and signal ground; the measured output is the value of B required in the CTD configuration (.con or .xmlcon) file. Next, we apply 1.000 Volts to the electrode and record the change in output. The configuration file M entry is 1 Volt/change. The electrical components upon which the gain and offset depend are extremely stable, and no subsequent calibrations should be necessary.

In our SeasoftT V2 suite of programs, edit the CTD configuration (.con or .xmlcon) file using the Configure Inputs menu in Seasave V7 (real-time data acquisition software) or the Configure menu in SBE Data Processing (data processing software). Select Oxidation Reduction Potential as a voltage sensor when editing the configuration file; the software prompts for M, B, and offset, and calculates ORP as:

ORP (milliVolts) = M * (V - B) * 1000.0 + offset (milliVolts)


  • V = measured voltage in Volts (0 to 5V)
  • M = slope M from the ORP calibration sheet
  • B = offset B from the ORP calibration sheet
  • offset = user-supplied offset in milliVolts; enter 0 unless attempting to compensate for discrepancies between ORP as measured by the SBE 27 or 30 and other instruments

Note: The ORP channel voltage (V in the equation above) in the raw data file is the sensor output voltage, not the Oxidation Reduction Potential. You can view and/or plot both the raw voltage (in Volts, 0 to 5 Volts) and the calculated ORP (in milliVolts); do not confuse these.


Application Note Revision History

Date Description
  Initial release.
September 2001 Add references to modifying .con file using Configure menu in Seasave or SBE Data Processing in Windows software.
June 2006 Add equation for calculating ORP.
May 2007 Incorporate Seasave V7.
February 2010 - Change Seasoft-Win32 to Seasoft V2.
- Add information on .xmlcon file.
- Update address.


Applies To